The Dilemma of White Providers in Indian Country


  • E. Hope Hollingsworth Butte Native Wellness Center


Native American, generational trauma, Indigenous health


The legacy of the European diaspora across North America is fraught with grim realities as it relates to the impact on indigenous populations long-residing here. Generational trauma related to centuries of systematic cultural dismantling has ravaged tribal populations. As an RN of Scots-Irish descent practicing in western Montana among the psychiatric and corrections populations, I have had the opportunity to witness the challenges unique to the predicament of providing care to the Native population for non-Native providers. Is it possible for members of the dominant, historically oppressive culture to provide care without re-traumatizing?

Author Biography

E. Hope Hollingsworth, Butte Native Wellness Center

E. Hope Hollingsworth, MSN, PMHNP is Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner, Butte Native Wellness Center, Butte, MT (




How to Cite

Hollingsworth, E. H. (2023). The Dilemma of White Providers in Indian Country. Reflections: Narratives of Professional Helping, 29(3), 136–140. Retrieved from



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